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Home » Education » ELDS in Nigeria | Educationally Less Developed States

ELDS in Nigeria | Educationally Less Developed States

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In the quest for higher education in Nigeria, it’s essential to understand the concept of ELDS in Nigeria (Educationally Less Developed States) and its implications for admission.

This article aims to shed light on ELDS in Nigeria, its meaning, and its significance in the Nigerian education landscape.

Meaning Of ELDs in Nigeria

ELDS stands for Educationally Less Developed States.

In the context of Nigerian education, it refers to states that face educational challenges resulting from lower quality of schooling compared to more developed regions.

To tackle the educational disparities among states, the Nigerian government and some universities have implemented affirmative action policies.

These policies aim to level the playing field by providing preferential treatment to candidates from ELDS.

For instance, certain universities reserve a percentage of their admission slots for ELDS candidates or set lower admission cutoff marks for them.


Different Between Merit, Catchment and ELDs Admission in Nigeria

In Nigerian higher education, there are three primary types of admission criteria:

  1. Merit-based Admission: This criterion prioritizes the admission of the most qualified students based on academic performance and examination scores.
  2. Catchment-based Admission: Catchment areas are specific geographical regions surrounding universities or colleges. Catchment-based admission ensures that local students have access to higher education opportunities.
  3. ELDS-based Admission: ELDS-based admission is driven by the goal of promoting equity, diversity, and social inclusion. It seeks to create a more diverse and inclusive student body and enhance social mobility.

ELDS States in Nigeria

The following states in Nigeria are considered Educationally Less Developed States:

1.         Kano
2.         Adamawa
3.         Niger
4.         Jigawa
5.         Bauchi
6.         Rivers
7.         Nasarawa
8.         Bayelsa
9.         Katsina
10.     Kogi
11.     Zamfara
12.     Sokoto
13.     Gombe
14.     Plateau
15.     Borno
16.     Kwara
17.     Kaduna
18.     Cross River
19.     Benue
20.     Ebonyi
21.     Taraba
22.     Yobe
23.     Kebbi

It’s essential to note that states not mentioned in this list are not classified as ELDS states in Nigeria.


Understanding ELDS in Nigeria (Educationally Less Developed States) is crucial for students seeking admission to Nigerian universities.

It highlights the efforts made to address educational disparities and promote inclusivity in higher education.

Aspiring students should be aware of ELDS policies and how they may affect their admission prospects.

We hope that you found our article on ELDs in Nigeria to be helpful.

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About the Editorial Staff

The SchoolBegin team comprises a group of seasoned education professionals, spearheaded by Ofa Joseph, with a collective experience of more than 9 years. Their expertise has been instrumental in guiding countless students towards the realization of their academic aspirations.

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